1 and Fig. 2). Archeological investigations clearly show that coal sands/silts are represented in multiple alluvial deposits in the Lehigh and Schuylkill river drainages, components of the larger Delaware River Basin; however they have not generated sufficient evidence to precisely date the deposits (e.g., Kinsey and Pollack, 1994, Lewis et al.,
DAPT order 1989, Lewis, 1993, Monaghan, 1994a, Monaghan, 1994b, Myers et al., 1992, Myers et al., 1995, Vento, 2002, Wagner, 1989, Wagner, 1993 and Wagner, 1996). Three sites that span the Lehigh and Schuylkill River basins, (1) Nesquehoning Creek Site, (2) Oberly Island Site, and (3) Barbadoes Island Site, are examined here in greater detail to determine the composition Enzalutamide and demonstrate the widespread occurrence and timing of this lithologically unique event. The Nesquehoning Creek archeological site (36CR142) is
located at the confluence of the Lehigh River and Nesquehoning Creek in Carbon County, Pennsylvania (Fig. 2A) (Stewart, 2011 and Stewart et al., 2011). The site occurs within stratified alluvial deposits that range in age from late Pleistocene to modern that overly late Wisconsin braided stream gravels, based on archeology and radiocarbon data (Fig. 3 and Fig. 4). These deposits were subsequently weathered during multiple episodes of pedogenesis, as indicated by buried soils. Artifact deposits are found over an area measuring approximately 150 m in an east-west direction
within the floodplain. Along the Lehigh River the site area pheromone is about 60 m wide (north-south) attenuating to a width of about 15 m on the site’s westernmost margin along the Nesquehoning Creek. The landscape narrows moving from east to west. Elevations gradually decrease from east to west and from north to south. Along the Lehigh River, the site landscape is 4–5 m above stream level. The coal sand/silt deposit represents the thickest historic or modern flood layer and spans the entire site area (Fig. 2 and Fig. 3). It overlies three buried surfaces and related alluvial deposits, two of which are presumed to date to historic times based on the presence of minor amounts of macro- and microscopic coal particles (Stewart, 2011 and Stewart et al., 2011). Unlike the Barbadoes Island Site (discussed below), the Nesquehoning Creek Site was not mapped as having alluvial coal in the epipedon (Soil Survey Staff, 2012a and Soil Survey Staff, 2012b). However, ∼2.5 km upstream along the Nesquehoning Creek, coal riverwash was mapped along a portion of the stream. A large strip mine (Summit Hill mine) in the Southern Anthracite Field occurs immediately south along the ridgetop (Fig. 2A – left of scale bar) (Mantz, 2009). Of interest is the frequent occurrence of burned wood littering the surface of the coal sand/silt deposit. Lumbering and sawmills were local industries during the 19th century.