1). A region containing four prolines was found between positions 176 and 182; only one other sequence – that of gp48 from the Mycobacterium phage Puhltonio – also had such a proline-rich region (Fig. 1). Because proline residues are conformationally restricted,
this region could serve as a linker between the two domains. Accordingly, we predict that the cell wall binding domain should be found in the region beginning at Met189 (189–270 aa), which closely Apitolisib purchase follows the proline-rich region. BFK20 endolysin, and its separate catalytic and cell wall binding domains were expressed and purified using cobalt-ion affinity chromatography (Fig. 2a–c, lane 5) and FPLC gel filtration (Fig. 3). The presence of a His6Tag on the expressed proteins was confirmed by Western blot analysis (Fig. 2a–c). The size of the purified and immunodetected band of gp24′ was 32.0 kDa, which corresponds to the predicted size of recombinant endolysin (Fig. 2a, lane 5 and lanes 8–10). The N-terminal His6Tag of purified BFK20 endolysin was partially removed by thrombin
digestion (gp24′T, Mh 30.3 kDa) (Fig. 2a, lanes 5b and 10b). The catalytic domain and the cell wall binding domain of BFK20 endolysin (gp24CD and gp24BD, respectively) were expressed with a His6Tag at the C-terminus. The size of the purified and immunodetected bands of gp24CD corresponds to the predicted size of 20.7 kDa Dorsomorphin in vivo (Fig. 2b, lane 5 and lanes 9–10). The purified protein gp24BD and an immunopositive band of 11.0 kDa were shown on Tricine–SDS-PAGE (Fig. 2c, lane 5 and lanes 9–10). The poorer intensity of the immunodetected protein bands of gp24BD could be because of using Tricine–SDS-PAGE. Gel filtration chromatography of gp24′, gp24CD and gp24BD was performed by FPLC on a Superose 12 10/300 GL column. According to retention times it appears that endolysin gp24′ was eluted from the column preferentially as dimers (64.6 kDa) (Fig. 3a).
The dimeric form (70.8 kDa) was also seen for endolysin without the His6Tag (gp24′T) (Fig. 3b), but the catalytic domain gp24CD was eluted preferentially (75%) as a monomer (12.5 kDa) and less (25%) as a 27.4 kDa dimer. The calculated size of the FPLC-eluted monomeric and dimeric forms of gp24CD did not correspond to the predicted one, but SDS-PAGE analysis confirmed the presence of a protein with a molecular NADPH-cytochrome-c2 reductase mass of 20 kDa in the eluted fractions (Fig. 3c). The dimeric form was not detected for the cell wall binding domain protein gp24BD; it was eluted preferentially in the form of trimers (35.1 kDa) (Fig. 3d). The FPLC-purified protein gp24BD was used for crystallization studies and diffraction-quality crystals were obtained (data not shown). The differences found between the calculated and estimated sizes of gp24′, gp24CD and gp24BD molecular forms indicated that the proteins used for column calibration and the lytic proteins have different shapes.