Aim  To describe the training, experience, and personal views of

Aim.  To describe the training, experience, and personal views of dentists practicing in the Prefecture of Attica regarding the recognition and referral of abused and neglected children. Design.  A random sample was drawn from a target population of dentists registered with two of the largest dental associations in Greece. The dental practitioners were interviewed by two paediatric dentists using a specially designed questionnaire.

Information was collected regarding their awareness on child maltreatment, the frequency of suspected incidents as well as the reasons for not reporting them. Results.  With a response rate of 83%, findings are reported from 368 interviews (54% male, mean age 43 years). Only 21% of respondents had received training on child

protection at undergraduate KU-57788 price level. Suspected abuse was 13% and suspected neglect was 35%. Only six of the 368 respondents made an official report of a suspected case of child maltreatment. The most common reason ABT-263 cost that might prevent a dentist from reporting a case was doubt over the diagnosis (44%). Ninety-seven per cent of dentists believed that recognition and referral of incidents should be part of undergraduate training. Conclusions.  Dental practitioners did not feel adequately informed on recognizing and referring child abuse and neglect cases. The low percentage of reported incidents and the lack of legislation indicate a great need for continuously educating dentists on child maltreatment as well as for setting up an organized system in Greece for reporting such incidents to protect the dentist referring the case as well as the child being victimized.

“International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 2010; 20: 186–192 Background.  Lead toxicity particularly affects children because of their increased capacity for absorption and retention. Blood-lead (BPb) levels reflect recent exposure and Ureohydrolase are of limited value in predicting neurotoxicity, whereas in teeth, lead accumulates over a long period of time and provides an integrated record of lead exposure from intrauterine life until the teeth are shed. Aim.  The present study aimed to relate tooth-lead (TPb) and BPb levels in children residing near a zinc–lead smelter in India, and to evaluate the effectiveness of primary teeth as bioindicators of life-long lead exposure. Design.  The lead levels in primary teeth and blood of 100 children aged between 5 and 13 years, living in the proximity of a zinc–lead smelter were measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The mean levels were tabulated based on village, age, sex and tooth type, and analysed statistically. Results.  The mean BPb level was significantly influenced by proximity to the lead source, but not by age or sex. There was no consistent pattern of correlation between BPb and TPb levels. Conclusion.  Primary teeth showed significantly high lead levels compared to blood; they reflect cumulative exposure to lead and prove to be better indicators of body lead burden.

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