borinquense DSM 11551 and Aphanothece halophytica PCC 6803. Their amino acid sequences are aligned in Fig. 3. The amino acid sequence deduced from the ORF, designated as M-Nha (Na+/H+ antiporter from metagenomic library), MK-2206 cost consisted of 523 amino acid residues with a calculated molecular weight of 58 147 Da and a pI of 5.50. The most abundant amino acid residues of this protein were Leu (75/523), followed by Ile (48/523), Val (46/523), Ala (38/523) and Gly (37/239). The least abundant residue was Cys (two
residues) and Trp (five residues). Among the 523 amino acid residues, only 89 residues were charged, indicating that M-Nha is of low polarity. This is consistent with the belief that the Na+/H+ antiporter is an integral membrane protein. Although the dense alignment surface approach revealed that the M-NhaP contained 11 peaks (Fig. 4), the probability for the 10th peak was only around 20% when its transmembrane segment (TMS) was analyzed using tmhmm computer program (data not shown). The sosui analysis further confirmed this result of total 10 peaks in M-NhaP released by tmhmm (Fig. 5). Thus it was Selleckchem Trametinib likely that the M-Nhap only contained 10, not 11, transmembrane domains. The conserved domain analysis against CDD suggested that M-NhaP is a cpa1 Na+/H+ antiporter from bacteria, which was classified as a model that may span more than one domain and had not been assigned to any domain superfamily yet. Furthermore, CDD also showed
that M-Nha had significant similarity to NhaP type Na+/H+ and K+/H+ antiporter with a unique C-terminal domain in the Na+/H+ exchanger family. A similar result was also obtained Decitabine cost when it was analyzed by interproscan. Gene ontology delineation indicated that M-Nha was integrated to membrane (GO: 0016021) and exchanged Na+ for H+ in an electroneutral manner. The effects of NaCl concentration on the growth of transformant
cell E. coli KNabc/pM-Nha, which harbored the recombinant Na+-resistant plasmid pM-Nha, and E. coli KNabc/pUC18, which contained only empty pUC18 vector, were evaluated. The E. coli KNabc/pM-Nha strains can grow well in LBK medium containing 0.2 M NaCl and can even survive in the presence of 0.25 M NaCl, whereas cells of E. coli KNabc/pUC18 do not (Fig. 6). To test the effect of pH on cell growth, E. coli KNabc/pUC18 and KNabc/pM-Nha were grown in minimal medium as described above but at different pH values from 7 to 8.5. The results were similar to that influenced by NaCl, with a greatly reduced growth of E. coli KNabc/pUC18 under alkaline conditions, especially at pH above 8.0, compared with that below neutral pH. However, only a certain growth reduction range was observed for E. coli KNabc/pM-Nha harboring nha gene in alkaline medium (Fig. 6). This result indicated that the protein encoded by m-nha gene offered the antiporter-negative mutant E. coli KNabc cells not only resistance to Na+, but also the ability to grow under alkaline conditions.