Characteristic continuous low-pitched venous hum is heard in areas of active blood flow. The endoscope accessory channel is then lubricated with 10 mL of olive oil to prevent glue adherence to the endoscope. A 23 guage injection needle (with metal sheath) is passed through the accessory channel. The needle is primed with normal saline and from a retroflexed XL184 positiong a fundic GV is injected with 0.5 mL of undiluted cyanoacrylate in three locations. GV then
re-examined with the DopUS and while still soft it has lost the previously heard DopUS signal indicating adequate hemostasis. Glue injection complete when no areas of the GV demonstrate an audible DopUS. Same techique applied to subsequent surveillance sessions
at 2,4 and 24 weeks. Assessment of adequate hemostasis of GV post glue injection can be challenging and the currently accepted method of probing for consistency is subjective and varies widely. RG7420 price It has been shown that the risk of glue related complications increases when larger volumes of glue are injected. The use of an audible TTS DopUS device provides a straightforward and objective measure of GV blood flow and allows for adequate hemostasis using the least volume of glue required. Thus, DopUS may be useful in determining adequate hemostasis immediately post glue injection during acute GV hemorrhage and during subsequent surveillance endoscopies. “
“Complete anastomotic site obstruction usually requires a surgical revision of anastomosis. We describe a novel method of endoscopic restoration of lumen in a patient with total anastomotic obstruction complicating a Whipple procedure. A 66 yo woman Succinyl-CoA underwent a Whipple procedure. Five weeks later she presented with gastric outlet obstruction. On endoscopy the anastomotic lumen could not be definitely identified. Using endoscopic ultrasound, the distal jejunal lumen was identified and contrast was injected.
After insertion of guidewires into the afferent and efferent limbs, initially a plastic biliary stent was inserted, followed by insertion of a fully covered metal biliary stents into each of the post-anastomotic lumens. After two weeks these were exchanged for fully covered esophageal stents 18 mm each in diameter to enlarge the lumen further. Triamcinolone injection was performed to decrease fibrosis in the area. An endoscopy was again repeated 4 weeks later, which showed patency of the anastomotic lumen. The patient was able to tolerate all types of food intake without restrictions following the procedure. All procedures were performed in the outpatient setting thus preventing the need for prolonged hospital stay. Restoration of lumen by a completely endoscopic approach is feasible in the treatment of complete anastomotic site obstruction.