ferrybox org/euprojectferrybox/) At present, the ship-of-opportu

ferrybox.org/euprojectferrybox/). At present, the ship-of-opportunity system is being implemented world-wide as a coastal module of the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS, 2005 and Petersen et al., 2006). Increased interest in such unmanned systems led to the development of another component of the Europe-wide network of Ferry Box routes – the line between Gdynia (Poland) and Karlskrona (Sweden) was established at the end of 2007. Ferry Box systems improve observational capacities as they provide detailed, regular and unique data with a high temporal and spatial resolution, which

cannot be obtained on traditional oceanographic expeditions or even on regular monitoring cruises. Epigenetic inhibitor chemical structure Obtained in a very cost-effective way, the vast amount of data supplied by Ferry Box systems can be used for validating and calibrating models; they can also be related to observations provided by satellites or aircraft (remote sensing) to reveal the spatial scales of various phenomena, thereby enabling the better resolution and understanding of marine processes (Pulliainen et al., 2003 and Ponsar et al., 2006). In the Baltic Sea, seriously affected by eutrophication (HELCOM 2009), some locations suffer from frequent cyanobacterial blooms of potentially toxic species (Wasmund, 2002 and Wasmund and Uhlig, 2003). The cyanobacteria form extensive summer

blooms and are potentially toxic towards Obeticholic Acid in vivo biota and human beings; they may also have adverse effects on fisheries and the recreational use of coastal areas. In order to discover the factors triggering these blooms and the environmental

consequences of the latter, the dynamics of phytoplankton the have to be studied with an appropriate spatial and temporal resolution. This paper presents an outline and preliminary results of a project, developed to set up an operational system of surveillance and registration of episodic events (e.g. harmful algal blooms) in the Baltic Sea by combining in situ measurements from a Ferry Box with satellite information. The project consisted of 3 major modules: Ferry Box, phytoplankton and satellite. The main element of this module was an autonomous ‘Ferry Box’1 system, installed on a commercial passenger ferry plying daily between Gdynia (Poland) and Karlskrona (Sweden), a distance of ca 315 km across the middle of the Baltic Proper (Figure 1). The system initially operated (2006–2008) on board m/f ‘Stena Nordica’ but was transferred to m/f ‘Stena Baltica’ in early 2009. This module provided flow-through measurements of temperature, conductivity [salinity], oxygen (oxygen results are not discussed here) and chlorophyll a fluorescence ( Table 1). The water intake for flow-through measurements and discrete sample collection was situated at ca 2 m depth.

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