Radiological and dental clinical examinations were carried out to

Radiological and dental clinical examinations were carried out to identify hypodontia,

dental caries, enamel defects and gingival inflammation. Results.  Mean whole salivary flow rate was 0.12 ± 0.11 mL/min in the study group compared with 0.32 ± 0.20 mL/min in the control group (P < 0.001). Hypodontia was significantly more common in PWS (P < 0.001), and dental caries in the age group >19 years was significantly lower in PWS (P = 0.04) compared with the controls. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of dental caries in the primary dentition or in the frequency of enamel defects in the permanent dentition between the two groups. Median Gingival Index was significantly higher in the Prader–Willi group compared with the controls (P = 0.02). Conclusions.  Low salivary flow is a consistent finding in PWS. Nevertheless,

despite dry mouth and dietary challenges, dental caries is not increased in Norwegian individuals with PWS. “
“International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 2011; 21: 441–445 Background.  Accurate determination of the pulp status is the most important part of conservative pulp therapy. Aim.  The aim of this study was to assess the ability of thermal and electrical pulp tests to assess the pulp status in primary teeth. Design.  Seventy-eight primary molar teeth in 36 children were investigated. Fifty-six teeth had unknown pulp status in need of endodontic treatment, and 22 were intact teeth with no signs of pulp disease. Cold, hot and electrical pulp testing ABT-888 clinical trial (EPT) were performed on each tooth. The gold standard was established by direct inspection of the pulp after an access cavity had been made. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values for each test

and different sequential combinations of pulp testing were calculated. Sequential combination test analysis was used for data analysis. Results.  The highest accuracy was found for EPT, followed by heat and cold tests. No significant difference was found between the accuracy of EPT and the heat test (P-values > 0.05); however, the accuracy of EPT was significantly higher than that of the cold test (P-value < 0.05). Conclusion.  Based on this study, EPT can be used as Atorvastatin a reliable test for diagnosing the pulp status in primary teeth. “
“Children often have the habit of inserting objects into their mouth. Occasionally, these objects may be accidentally ingested. This may be frightening and stressful both for the child and the parents. In most cases, children avoid informing their parents due to the fear of being punished. This article presents a case of a foreign object embedded in the tooth of a 7-year-old boy. The parents were unaware of the presence of a foreign object in their child’s tooth. The tooth was extracted and the foreign body was retrieved from the canal to avoid any complications.

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