The link between philosophy, methodology and methods will be explored in the next paper. “
“pCLE is an imaging technology, enabling optical biopsy, or in vivo histology. The definitive results of the EMID study are presented here, comparing optical biopsies with definitive histology. From July 2007 to May 2012, 61 patients with a biliary stricture without any previous histology were included (mean age 67 years old, 26 women, 33 men). Pre-operating
imaging findings were available (MRI or scanner). An endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) had to be conducted before the ERCP procedure. The pCLE Sirolimus imaging was done during the ERCP procedure. The pCLE miniprobe was the CholangioFlex (Cellvizio, Mauna Kea Technologies, France). This probe has a 0.96mm diameter, a 55 microns imaging depth, and a 400-fold magnification. It was introduced into a 8.5F double lumen catheter (Cook Endoscopy, or MTW), positioned in the
bile duct on a 0.035 inches guide wire. A 2.5ml injection of fluorescein 10 % was necessary see more to obtain interpretable images.The pCLE criteria used were the Miami classification criteria (large vessels with double circulation, dark cells aggregates, thick dark bands with irregular branches, epithelium). Results were compared to definitive histology obtained by biopsy or surgery in case of malignant lesions, and by surgery or 1-year follow-up in case of benign lesions. Six patients were excluded from the study because no definitive histology was available. There were 41 malignant lesions, 14 benign lesions.The biopsies are the tissue samplings obtained by ERCP or EUS.19 patients had a biliary stricture without individualized mass on pre-operating imaging findings (6 malignant lesions, 13 benign lesions). The addition of a pCLE procedure in the diagnostic histological examination of a biliary stricture enables to significantly increase the diagnostic reliability. Sensitivity Specificity PPV NPV Accuracy pCLE 88% 79% 92% 69% 85% Brushing+Biopsies 76% 79% 91% 52% 76%⁎ pCLE+Brushing+
Biopsies 100% 71% 91% 100% 93%⁎ ⁎ The diagnostic difference regarding the diagnostic reliability is statistically significant (p=0.03). The biopsies are the tissue samplings obtained by ERCP or EUS. 19 patients had a biliary stricture aminophylline without individualized mass on pre-operating imaging findings (6 malignant lesions, 13 benign lesions). “
“Iatrogenic transsection of Common Bile Duct (CBD) is a troublesome complication of open or laparoscopic hepatic-biliary surgery. Difficulty in promptly recognizing and technically demanding surgery makes the primary repair a difficult option. However surgery proposed (hepatico-jejunostomy or end-to-end choledocal anastomosis) carries high morbidity and mortality. The aim of this report is to share our experience of Extra-Anatomical Endoscopic-Radiological reconstruction (EAERr) of iatrogenic injured CBD.