There was already some evidence to suggest that changes were begi

There was already some evidence to suggest that changes were beginning to take place after the introduction of the CPCF, even in 2006. Further changes may have occurred in the past 5 years; indeed, additional contractual changes occurred in late 2011 with the introduction of the

New Medicines Service.[60] The research identified is a base for determining community pharmacists’ workload and understanding how it impacts on job satisfaction and stress. The evidence for specifically quantifying levels of workload or work intensity in the community this website pharmacy sector after the introduction of the 2005 CPCF is limited. Whilst there is a clear perception that the amount of work output expected from individual community pharmacists

has been changing and increasing over the last few decades, pharmacists are viewed as continuing to remain based in the dispensary despite attempts to introduce more clinical aspects to their roles. The impact of such changes to the practice of community pharmacy in the UK is poorly defined, although links have been made to increasing levels of pharmacist job dissatisfaction and stress. In the light of concern over maintaining the pharmacist workforce levels, and as a result of the demand for increased utilisation of pharmacist based services within the NHS, there is a need to broaden the evidence base relating to community pharmacists’ workload. It is likely that the evidence base for workload in community pharmacy will Janus kinase (JAK) be greater in the future. The Authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest to disclose. This review received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial Ganetespib order or not-for-profit sectors. This work

was supported by Medway School of Pharmacy, Chatham, Kent, UK as part of a PhD programme. “
“Objective  To describe access to antiepileptic drug therapy and estimate the prevalence of epilepsy in children in Camagüey Province, Cuba. Methods  All the community pharmacies in the province were visited and information collected about the number of children receiving antiepileptic drugs in 2009. Availability and cost of each antiepileptic drug were determined. The prevalence of epilepsy was estimated by determining the number of children receiving antiepileptic drugs. Results  There were 923 children who received a total of 977 antiepileptic drugs in Camagüey Province. The estimated prevalence of epilepsy was 5.18 per thousand children which is lower than previously reported rates in other low and lower-middle income countries. Most of the children (871, 94%) received a single antiepileptic drug. Carbamazepine and valproate were the two most frequently prescribed antiepileptic drugs. Antiepileptic drugs were available from the local pharmacy on 76% of occasions. If the antiepileptic drug was not available from the local pharmacy, the parent had to travel to another pharmacy to obtain the medicine.

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