Those with impaired immunity had similar infectious diseases exposure risks and travel patterns compared with the control group of travelers whose cancer was cured or in remission.
Furthermore, most of selleckchem the reported travel-related illnesses were of minor nature. Based on the retrospective nature of the study, and the fact that subjects might not have returned or reported back to their cancer center with travel-related illness, they may have missed some amount of travel-related illness. Nonetheless, this is the largest published study examining travel patterns and infectious diseases exposure risks of patients diagnosed with cancer. Additional prospective studies would be helpful to determine the rate of international travel, travel-related vaccine effectiveness, and travel-related illnesses in cancer patients. Such data is crucial in developing clinical and research programs to deliver better protection to immunocompromised hosts wishing to travel. Surveys of solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients document insufficient rates of pre-travel counseling and interventions. In one Canadian survey of 267 SOT recipients, 95 (36%) had recently
traveled outside Canada and the United States, and many recommended preventive measures were overlooked. For example, 63% had traveled to areas this website endemic for hepatitis A, yet only 5% had received hepatitis A immunization; 50% traveled to dengue- and malaria-endemic areas, although only 25% adhered to mosquito prevention measures; and 10% reported behaviors that exposed them to blood or body fluids. A review at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota found that 303 (27%) of 1,130 SOT recipients had traveled abroad; 96% did not seek pre-travel healthcare, and 8% had illness requiring medical attention. In a Dutch study of 290 Dutch kidney transplant recipients, 34% had traveled outside Western Europe
and Northern America; 22% of these travelers did not seek pre-travel health advice and 29% were ill during their most recent journey, with 24% of ill travelers needing hospitalization for their illness. The majority SDHB of Canadian and Dutch SOT recipients were apt to consult their transplant physician for pre-travel advice. Taken together, these studies suggest a need for better pre-travel education and preventative measures in immunocompromised hosts. Guidelines for travel medicine in SOT recipients help guide clinical care. A travel medicine specialist familiar with their immunocompromised status and medications should see such patients who wish to travel. Immunocompromised hosts may respond less to vaccination, and may be less protected from disease.