However, we have identified a number of lifestyle or


However, we have identified a number of lifestyle or

environmentally related inducers that may cause metaflammation, even in the absence of obesity. In this paper, the third of a series linking obesity with broad environmental and evolutionary factors, we identify nutritional stimuli with evidence of an involvement in metaflammation. From this we propose that components of certain foods and beverages with which humans have not evolved, are more often the inducers of an inflammatory effect in the body than those with which humans have become more familiar, and to which a neutral, or anti-inflammatory response may be expected to have developed. The implications of such a finding are considered in Z-DEVD-FMK relation to broader aspects of the environment, economic growth, policy change and current global financial issues.”

We investigated the sexual practices of medical students as they are positioned to serve as peer educators in the fight against HIV/AIDS.\n\nMethods: This was a cross sectional study, where self-administered questionnaires were distributed to consenting 4(th) to 6(th) year medical students in Jos, Nigeria with a view of elucidating information regarding sexual practices and condom utilization. Safe sex practice was defined Ricolinostat as the use of condoms and being in a monogamous relationship.\n\nResults: Of a total of 400 questionnaires distributed, 365 respondents (249 males and 116 females) had adequate data for analysis. A large proportion (62%) of our students have never had sex before and less than 30% of them are sexually active. Only 6.1% had multiple sexual partners and homosexuality was uncommon (1.9%). Condom utilization amongst the sexually active was high (65%) and similar among male and female students (71.3% vs. 51.9% respectively, find more p = 0.08).\n\nConclusion: There exists safe sexual practice among medical students in our setting. This group could be recruited as peer educators in the war

against HIV/AIDS.”
“Objective. To evaluate whether clinical disease activity findings during 1-year followup of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is associated with changes of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based disease activity scores. Methods. Patients with JIA who had active knee involvement were studied using an open-bore MRI. After followup of a median of 1.3 years, patients were re-evaluated and classified as improved or unimproved according to the American College of Rheumatology Pediatric-50 (ACR-Ped50) criteria. Baseline and followup MRI features were scored by 2 readers using the Juvenile Arthritis MRI Scoring (JAMRIS) system, comprising validated scores for synovial hypertrophy, bone marrow changes, cartilage lesions, and bone erosions. Results. Data of 40 patients were analyzed (62.5% female, mean age 12.2 yrs). After followup, 27 patients (67.5%) were classified as clinically improved, whereas 13 patients (32.5%) showed no clinical improvement.

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