8%). There was an adherence rate of between 0% and 10% for 19% of providers. Adherence varied by indication (Table 3), with highest rates among examinations performed for http://www.selleckchem.com/products/PLX-4032.html evaluation of diarrhea (43.9%)
and lowest levels of adherence among procedures in which the indication was heartburn/GERD (30.0%). Among the different indications, the diagnostic yield of submitting ≥4 specimens was variable (Table 3) but remained significantly associated with increased odds of diagnosing CD for every indication. Of note, among patients whose only indication was malabsorption or suspected CD (n = 3261), adherence to this quality standard occurred in 38.5% of examinations. The results of generalized estimating equation multivariate analysis of factors associated with the submission of ≥4 specimens during upper endoscopy while adjusting for clustering by individual provider are shown in Table 4. Patient age was associated with decreased odds of adherence, with individuals over 80 having the lowest odds of adherence compared with those younger than 30 (OR 0.67; 95% CI, 0.57-0.78). Clinical indication for endoscopy was significantly associated with the number of specimens submitted, with increased adherence to submitting ≥4 specimens for individuals with diarrhea
(OR 1.20; 95% CI, 1.10-1.30) and malabsorption (OR 1.42; 95% CI, 1.10-1.85) and decreased adherence for patients undergoing endoscopy for Methocarbamol dyspepsia (OR 0.78; 95% CI, 0.72-0.86)
click here and heartburn (OR 0.78; 95% CI, 0.70-0.87). Abnormal gross findings were associated with decreased odds of submitting ≥4 specimens (OR 0.75; 95% CI, 0.69-0.81). The modest temporal trend of increased adherence to submitting ≥4 specimens remained significant in this multivariate analysis (OR for 2009 compared with 2006: 1.51; 95% CI, 1.22-1.88). In this analysis of a national pathology database of duodenal biopsies, 35% of patients had ≥4 specimens submitted during upper endoscopy. Adherence to this proposed standard1 and 13 remained low even among those patients with malabsorption/suspected CD, with fewer than 40% of such patients having ≥4 specimens submitted. Regardless of indication, adherence to this proposed quality standard was associated with an increased rate of CD diagnosis. This study evaluated the recommended practice of submitting ≥4 specimens when a diagnosis of CD is under consideration.1 and 13 This proposed guideline is new and subject to debate. As one recent review stated, “the optimal method of obtaining biopsies in patients with celiac disease is controversial.”20 This proposed guideline has not been established prospectively, and this recommendation stemmed instead from the observation that the histopathologic abnormalities of CD are patchy and can be missed entirely if an insufficient quantity of specimens is submitted.