“Background: Patients who have ischemic strokes (ISs) whil

“Background: Patients who have ischemic strokes (ISs) while hospitalized for other conditions may be less likely to receive intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV tPA) when compared to patients who have strokes in the community. This study explored possible barriers to IV tPA use in these patients. Methods: Stroke diagnosis was confirmed by chart review for all adult patients admitted to Bellevue Hospital between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2008 who were discharged with a primary or secondary International Wortmannin datasheet Classification of Diseases, 9th edition code for transient ischemic attack,

intracerebral hemorrhage, or IS. Circumstances at stroke onset were recorded for all patients who had strokes while hospitalized for another reason. Results: Seventy-nine in-hospital IS cases were identified; 18 (23%) occurred <2 weeks after major surgery, and another

14 (18%) had a delayed diagnosis because signs were not readily detectable on clinical examination. Twenty-four patients (30%) were eligible for IV tPA, of whom 13 were identified within 3 hours of onset and 10 (13%) were treated with IV tPA. The median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score was higher in hospitalized patients (13) than in patients admitted AZD6244 through the emergency department (5; P < .001 using the Wilcoxon rank sum test). Conclusions: Seventy percent of in-hospital IS cases in our single hospital retrospective study were postoperative, clinically subtle, or had contraindications to IV tPA, preventing its use. Of the remaining untreated patients, the biggest barrier to IV tPA administration was delay in stroke discovery, which was largely dependent on observation by hospital staff or family rather than patient report.”
“Objective: Maximum toe elevation during walking is an objective measure of foot drop and reflects the impairment of the corticospinal tract (CST) in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). To determine if this measurement is functionally relevant to ambulatory abilities, we correlated

maximum toe elevation with clinical physiotherapy tests.

Setting: Cross-sectional study, laboratory and clinical settings.

Methods: Protein Tyrosine Kinase inhibitor A total of 24 individuals with SCI (American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Impairment Scale D) were recruited. Maximum toe elevation during the swing phase of treadmill gait was measured with a kinematic system. CST function was assessed in a sitting position by measuring the motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) induced in tibialis anterior muscle with transcranial magnetic stimulation over the motor cortex. Clinical tests performed were 10-m and 6-min walk test (6MWT), Timed-Up and Go (TUG), Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury, Berg Balance Scale, Lower Extremity Motor Score (LEMS) and sensory score of the L4, L5 and S1 dermatomes.

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