Consequently, holiday resorts may operate on economic models that promote and provide hedonistic, high-alcohol risk-taking environments with relatively little consideration for visitors’ health. The drunken behaviors reported by holidaymakers abroad are not typical among young nationals of countries such as Spain and Greece, who generally report lower alcohol use and drunkenness than their Northern European counterparts.15,38 Even when on holiday, young Spaniards do not frequently drink to intoxication.21 Thus, hedonistic resorts can act as enclaves for heavy drinking tourists set within domestic cultures where drunkenness
can be rare, and excessive behavior may be tolerated more in tourists than it would be in local young people. SB431542 chemical structure Yet youth binge drinking is increasing in many European countries, with concerns that heavy drinking cultures are spreading.40–42 Thus, authorities in Mediterranean resorts should consider any demonstration selleck effects tourists drinking may have on local youth. Furthermore, nightlife-related violence and injuries
can place major burdens on services and communities in resorts, while their longer-term health impacts return home with the holidaymaker. The pressures that hedonistic tourism place on resort communities and young people’s longer-term health have yet to be measured against the benefits of this model of tourism. Developing this understanding should be a key research priority. Critically, a reputation for drunken behavior and violence can also damage a resort’s tourism.43 Tourism plays a major economic role in Europe,
generating over 5% of the European Union’s gross domestic product and providing around 10 million jobs.44 Cheap international travel and open borders within Europe have been commercially exploited to create nightlife resorts where risks to health, such as injury and violence, frequently result from highly intoxigenic environments. However, as those at risk are abroad, behaviors which might typically elicit a public health response in endemic populations are tolerated and sometimes even encouraged in tourists—often for commercial gain. A broader interpretation of Carbohydrate European citizenship would be one that considers both commercial benefits from nightlife tourism and public health risks to its customers. Although such a model may require changes to existing nightlife destinations, the benefits could extend beyond tourists and help to reverse the gradual dissemination of binge drinking cultures across Europe. The study was funded by the European Commission Directorate-General for Justice, Freedom and Security (JSL/2007/DAP-1/135 30-CE-0227672/00-87). We acknowledge and thank all those who supported the development and implementation of this study, including M. Juan, F. Mendes, S. Tripodi, B. Cibin, T. Stamos, P. Lazarov, I. Siamou, and P. Cowan.