In the liver, giant cells

containing phagocytosed yeast c

In the liver, giant cells

Buparlisib research buy containing phagocytosed yeast cells were surrounded by a lymphocyte and monocyte (macrophage) – rich cell infiltrate with some scattered see more polymorphonuclear leukocytes (Fig. 1A). In the spleen, granulomas were more organized, presenting an outer mantle of histiocytes, and giant cells also containing yeast (Fig. 1B). Later, on the 45th day of infection, granulomas were also found in the mesenteric lymph nodes. Although giant cells and histiocytes were present in those organs, typical forms of the yeast were not detected (Fig. 1C). In the lungs, an interstitial inflammation without the presence of granulomas was observed. Lymphocytes, histiocytes, and polymorphonuclear leukocytes were found all over BAY 1895344 price the parenchyma (Fig. 1D). After 75 days of infection, the granulomas originally observed in the spleen and liver (Fig. 1E and 1F, respectively) became disorganized. Degenerated yeast cells were found inside necrotic areas usually containing large number of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (Fig. 1F). Extensive accumulation of live yeast cells

with intense destruction of the parenchyma was observed in the pancreas after 80 days of infection (Fig. 2). Figure 1 Histological findings during the infection of C. callosus with P. brasiliensis. The tissue sections of liver, pancreas, lung, spleen and lymph nodes were stained with haematoxylin-eosin and examined at 200× (A, B, C and F) or 100× (D and E) magnification. In A and B, liver and spleen 15 days post infection, respectively; C and D mesenteric lymph nodes and lung 45 days post infection, respectively; and in E

and F, spleen and liver at 75 days post infection. Fungi cells are pointed with arrowheads. Giant cells are pointed with arrows. Figure 2 C. callosus pancreas histological findings 75 days post infection with P. brasiliensis. Fungi cells are pointed with arrowheads. In order to enumerate the pancreas and liver areas occupied by lesions, the organs were measured and the percentages of lesions were determined. Fig. 3 shows the percentages of the areas taken by the lesions in infected animals. The liver presented a smaller extension of tissue occupation by the lesion selleck inhibitor that progressively increased but never exceeded 10% of the organ. In contrast, the pancreas showed larger extensions of areas occupied by lesions (greater than 25%) that were maintained through out the study. Figure 3 Extension of tissue sections occupied by the lesions induced by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis infection in the liver (A) and pancreas (B) of Calomys callosus expressed as percentage. The results were obtained with the Optimas software. Each bar represents the mean + sd of 5 animals per group. The recruitment of leukocytes from bone marrow to the blood is a good parameter to evaluate the general infection status of the animal and to predict the prognosis of the infection. C.

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