pylori-persistent group than in those with H. pylori-negative (p = .011, log-rank test)
and H. pylori-eradicated group (p = .006, GPCR Compound Library concentration log-rank test). In a multivariate Cox proportional hazard model, age ≥65 years (hazard ratio [HR] 2.29, p = .038), family history of GC (HR 2.60, p = .014), and H. pylori-persistent status (HR 2.42, p = .019) were associated with metachronous GC development. Persistent H. pylori infection after ER may increase risk of metachronous GC development. “
“Helicobacter pylori infection has been linked to the development of lymphocytic gastritis (LG) characterized by ≥25 intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) per 100 epithelial cells. We hypothesize that the changes in the subpopulation and/or cytotoxicity of IELs leading to epithelial cell apoptosis may be involved
in the pathogenesis of H. pylori-associated LG. We examined IEL subpopulations and the expression of cytotoxic molecules by IELs in biopsy specimens from 36 patients with H. pylori-associated LG by immunostainings for CD3, CD4, CD8, T-cell-restricted intracellular antigen-1 (TIA-1), and granzyme B (GrB) and compared the results with those obtained from 49 patients with H. pylori-associated gastritis (HPG). To investigate whether the IEL-mediated cytotoxicity is related to the increase of epithelial apoptosis, we performed a terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay using ApopTag detection kit. Between LG and HPG groups, significant differences in the number of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, TIA-1+ or GrB+ IELs, and ApopTag indices were found. Among the CD3+ IELs, the Poziotinib in vitro proportion of CD8+ IELs or TIA-1+ IELs did not differ between two groups. The LG group showed a selective increase in GrB-positive, phenotypically activated IELs, which was paralleled by an increase in ApopTag indices. In contrast, the HPG group showed more heterogeneous IEL subpopulations with more CD4+ IELs and less GrB+ IELs compared with the LG group, and we did not find any significant variable contributing to the epithelial apoptosis in the HPG group. This study shows that in addition to the numerical
increase in the IELs, there are significant changes in the subpopulations and cytotoxicity of IELs between HPG Clomifene and H. pylori-associated LG. In particular, enhanced GrB-associated cytotoxicity of the IELs in H. pylori-associated LG contributes to an increase in epithelial apoptosis. “
“Helicobacter pylori colonizes mucosa, activates Toll-like and Nod-like receptors, and usually elicits a gastric T-helper 1/17 (Th1/Th17) type of immune response. Among several bacterial factors, the secreted peptidyl prolyl cis, trans-isomerase of H. pylori represents a key factor driving Th17 inflammation. A complex and fascinating balance between H. pylori and host factors takes part in the gastric niche and is responsible for the chronicity of the infection.