Such changes could transform an individual’s relationship with th

Such changes could transform an individual’s relationship with their doctor and the healthcare system. Lifestyles were transformed, extending to healthier eating and exercise habits, healthy friendships, a moral conscience, improving communication, and securing employment. Behaviour change was facilitated by goal-setting, Venetoclax contracting, role-modeling, and acquiring time-organization skills. Mentors, too, experienced behaviour change as the value of self-management techniques was re-affirmed. Their use of such techniques and their ability to deal with emotions increased, along with changes in their diet and exercise. This enabled mentors to inspire, empathize,

and become more accepting of others, becoming positive role models. Changed knowledge referred to a transformation in participants’ knowledge about disease and related self-management Navitoclax skills. Mentors, other group members, and program resources were important sources of informational support for mentees. Participants gained knowledge of the disease, its self-management, and skills relating to diet, exercise, and medication. New knowledge could in turn be passed onto others, having a ripple effect that could have wider impact. Interventions could also act as a “reminder,” reinforcing participants’ existing knowledge of self-management techniques. Acquiring knowledge could empower participants to take on more responsibility for health information, resulting in new relationships with their physicians and also resulted in behaviour change. Mentors’ knowledge also improved as they received information about the disease, medication, and community services, which in turn lessened their own MEK inhibitor fears and uncertainties. Not all participants experienced a transformation in knowledge, as when participants felt that intervention content was not detailed enough, too rushed, or not conducive to lay

understanding. Empowerment referred to the process of acquiring confidence and ability to cope, take control of one’s disease and change one’s outlook towards the future. Becoming empowered was facilitated by setting and achieving goals, gaining information, receiving advice, sharing experiences, and making connections with fellow peers, providers and others in the community. Empowerment entailed acquiring a sense of entitlement to talk about one’s disease, and becoming increasingly interactive with healthcare professionals and involved in treatment decisions. It was linked to increased self-confidence and personal strength, changes in lifestyle and outlook, and feelings of being inspired and energized. Helping others allowed mentors to put these feelings into action. However, Wilson et al.

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