7 times more frequent among cases than among controls after adjus

7 times more frequent among cases than among controls after adjusting for medical therapies for depression. As in the Swedish study,40 this increased risk was greater among cases with partial-onset seizures. An interesting finding of this study

was that, among people with epileptic seizures, an episode of major fairly depression had taken place closer to the time of the first seizure than for controls. Another population-based study carried out. in Iceland investigated the role Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical of specific symptoms of depression in predicting the development, of unprovoked seizures or epilepsy in 324 children and adults, aged 10 years and older with a first unprovoked seizure or newly diagnosed epilepsy and 647 controls.42 Major depression was associated with a 1.7-fold increased risk for developing epilepsy while a history of attempted suicide was 5.1-fold more common among cases than among controls. Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical Jones et al studied the cognitive and psychiatric profile of 103 children aged 8 to 18 years, 53 with recent onset epilepsy (<1 year in duration) of idiopathic etiology and 50 healthy children matched for age.43 Each child underwent, a structured psychiatric diagnostic interview to characterize the spectrum of lifctime-to-date

history of comorbid psychiatric disorder. selleck chemicals Compared with the control Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical group, children with epilepsy exhibited an elevated rate of lifetime-to-date Diagnostic and. Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th

edition (DSM-IV)44 Axis I disorders, including significantly higher rates of depressive disorders (22.6 vs 4%), anxiety disorders Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical (35.8 vs 22%), and attention-deficit-liyperactivity Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical disorder (ADHD, 26.4 vs 10%). Of note, 45% of children with epilepsy exhibited DSM-IV Axis I disorders before the first recognized seizure. Data from another study suggested that psychiatric pathology could be a risk factor for the development of unprovoked nonfebrile seizures and epilepsy in children. For example, McAfee et al conducted a retrospective cohort study in 133 440 pediatric patients (age 6 to 17 years) without history of seizures or prior use of anticonvulsant medications.45 The data source for this study was a research database containing pharmacy and medical claims for members of a large US-based managed care organization. The incidence rate of seizures AV-951 among children without psychiatric diagnoses was 149 per 100 000 person-years (95% CI 122-180), while that among children with psychiatric diagnoses other than ADHD was 513 per 100 000 person-years (95% CI 273-878). The impact of a history of depression preceding the onset of epilepsy on the course of the seizure disorder The existence of common pathogenic mechanisms appears to have an impact on the response to treatment of epileptic seizures.

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