The mean preoperative VAS score was 8.21 and the mean postoperative VAS score was 2.66 (P < 0.05). The mean preoperative kyphotic angle for the 11 individuals with the thoracic or thoracolumbar burst fractures was 24.6 and the mean preoperative lordotic angle for the 3 individuals with lumbar burst fractures was 10.6. The corresponding values at 12 months postsurgery were 17.1 and
13.6.\n\nConclusion. This single-stage posterior approach for acute thoracic and lumbar burst fractures offers some advantages over the classic combined anterior-posterior approach. The results from this small series suggest that a single-stage posterior approach should be considered in select cases.”
“A total of 42 ejaculates were selleck chemicals llc used in the experiment;
six ejaculates per stallion, obtained from seven Pure Spanish stallions (PRE), were split and frozen in freezing media with different concentrations and combinations of cryoprotectant (CPA): (i) Caceres (skim milk based extender) containing 2.5% glycerol (2.5GL), (ii) Caceres containing 1.5% glycerol and 1.5% dimethylformamide (1.5%GL1.5%DMFA), (iii) Caceres extender supplemented with 1.5% glycerol and 2.5% dimethylformamide (1.5%GL2.5%DMFA) and (iv) Caceres extender supplemented with 4% dimethylformamide (4%DMFA). After at least 4 weeks of storage A-1155463 order in liquid nitrogen (LN), straws were thawed and semen analysed by computer-assisted sperm analysis and flow cytometry (membrane lipid architecture (Merocyanine 540), integrity and sublethal damage (YoPro-1) and mitochondrial Bcl-2 phosphorylation membrane potential (JC-1)). After thawing, better results were observed in samples frozen in 4%DMFA or in combinations of 1.5%GL2.5%DMFA, in fact total motility increased by 16% in the 4%DMFA group compared to 2.5%GL (P < 0.05). Also, there was an increment in the percentage of progressive motile sperm in the 1.5%GL2.5%DMFA group (9.8% 2.5GL vs 19% in the 1.5%GL2.5%DMFA group p < 0.05); also, samples frozen in the 4%DMFA group had more intact (YoPro-1 negative) sperm
post-thawing, 29.3% in 2.5%GL vs 36.7% in 4%DMFA group (p < 0.05). Membrane lipid architecture was not affected by any of the cryoprotectants tested, while samples frozen in 4%DFMA had a lower percentage of mitochondria with lower membrane potential. It is concluded that DMFA improves the outcome of cryopreservation of stallion spermatozoa mainly reducing sublethal cryodamage.”
“BACKGROUND: The N-terminal fragment of pro-brain type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is an established biomarker for cardiac failure.\n\nOBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of preoperative serum NT-proBNP on postoperative outcome and mid-term survival in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).\n\nMETHODS: In 819 patients undergoing isolated CABG surgery preoperative serum NT-proBNP levels were measured.