Clinical data of all peptic ulcer subjects detected via endoscopy at four participating hospitals were prospectively collected between April 2012 and March 2013. Enrolled subjects were classified according to H. pylori infection status and intake of NSAIDs. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to determine the risk factors for IPUs. Of 382 enrolled patients
with peptic ulcers, 46 (12%) were judged to have IPUs. Compared to those with simple H. pylori-positive ulcers, patients with IPUs were significantly older (p < 0.02), and more often had underlying comorbidities such as hypertension (p < 0.02) and hyperlipidemia (p < 0.05). Multivariate regression analysis indicated that the presence of multiple underlying diseases was the only significant risk factor for IPUs, with Selleckchem STI571 an odds ratio of 3.8 (95% confidence interval, 1.3–11.1). This study revealed that the prevalence of IPUs in patients with peptic ulcers in Japan is 12%, much higher than previously reported. Presence of multiple underlying comorbid diseases, rather than aging itself, is an important risk factor for IPUs. “
“A 48 year old male with a history of renal transplants, pancreatic transplant, diabetes mellitus, bilateral femoral popliteal bypasses, and left below the
knee amputation presented to the emergency room following an episode of syncope and melena. An esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) was performed on the first day and was completely normal. On the morning prior to having a colonoscopy, the patient became unresponsive and hypotensive. He passed melena and a bedside EGD showed a large amount
of fresh blood and clot in the second and third portions of the duodenum. Fulvestrant purchase The active site of bleeding was unable to be identified and the patient was sent to interventional radiology (IR) for an angiography on blood products and vasopressor support. Angiography illustrated no evidence of active bleeding in the celiac, superior mesenteric, or inferior mesenteric artery distributions. The patient began to produce an increasing amount of blood from his mouth and passed an approximately 2 cm piece of tissue from his oral cavity.(Figure 1) A repeat EGD was performed in IR, once again showing a large amount of fresh blood and clot extending to the fourth portion of the duodenum. IR Vitamin B12 x-rayed the endoscope while it was in the duodenum, which was found to be much lower in the pelvis than anticipated. Repeat angiography in the lower vasculature isolated dye extravasation from the right iliac artery into the small bowel.(Figure 2A) A stent was then placed in the iliac artery, which stopped the bleeding and improved his blood pressure.(Figure 2B) The patient had required an immense amount of blood products, totaling more than 30 units of packed red blood cells and numerous units of fresh frozen plasma, platelets, and cryoglobulin. Unfortunately, the patient went into pulseless electrical activity following the repair and passed away.